Smart system is the next generation of computing and information system, combining artificial intelligence, machine learning, cyber-physical systems, edge/cloud computing, pervasive/ubiquitous computing, big data analytics, and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies to provide real-time networked information and control.
Smart systems components
Smart systems typically consist of diverse components:
- Sensors for signal acquisition
- Elements transmitting the information to the command-and-control unit
- Command-and-control units that take decisions and give instructions based on the available information
- Components transmitting decisions and instructions
- Actuators that perform or trigger the required action
Characteristics and potential threats
Although very heterogeneous those components have some common characteristics :
- those components all communicate together and more and more through TCP/IP
- being connected they are potentially vulnerable to cyber threats
- they have availability problems
- being outside they are also more vulnerable to natural (and man made) hazards
- some of them are moving around
- they need to be monitored against all those threats and potential incidents
IDMEFv2 is based on two major concepts :
- IDMEFv2 incident classification is based on the Reference Security Incident Taxonomy from ENISA couple with CRED taxonomy. This ENISA classification allows definition of cyber and physical incident whether they are malicious or accidental. The CRED taxonomy adds natural and man made hazards.
- IDMEFv2 puts together 5 dimensions : the three spacial dimension through geolocation attributes, the time dimension and the “virtual” dimensions with IP adress.
Thus IDMEFv2 offers a unique possibility to describe any accident happening on smart system and place those accident in space.